Bangladesh At a Glance
Bangladesh is Located in the north-eastern part of South Asia. The majestic Himalayas stand some distance to the north, while in the south lays the Bay of Bengal. West Bengal borders on the west and in the east lies the hilly and forested regions of Tripura, Mizoram (India) and Myanmar. These picturesque geographical boundaries frame a low lying plain of about 1,47,570 square kilometer, crisscrossed by innumerable rivers and streams. Mighty rivers are Padma (Ganges), Brahmaputra (Jamuna), Meghna and Karnafuli.
Bangladesh offers many tourist attractions, including archaeological sites, historical mosques and monuments, longest natural beach in the world, picturesque landscape, hill forests and wildlife, rolling tea gardens and tribes. The rich flora and fauna and colorful tribal life is very enchanting. Each part of the country offers distinctly different topography, flavors and delicacies. It is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger, freshwater pink dolphins, historical temples made of red earth.
Some of popular known tourist attractions are: Srimangal, where miles of tea gardens are located, Mainamati, Mahasthangarh, Paharpur for archaeology, Rangamati, Kaptai and Cox's Bazar for sightseeing, and the Sundarbans for wildlife and the largest Mangrove forest of the world, and, Foy's Lake for scenic beauty.
Official Name: People's Republic of Bangladesh
Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizen.
Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays.
International Dialing Code: +880
Standard Time : BST (GMT +6 Hours)
Capital City: Dhaka
Population: 15.02 crores
Male: 7.635 crores
Female: 7.615 crores
Literacy Rate: 60%
Bangla (national language) spoken by 95% English is widely understood and spoken.
Muslims - 86.6%,
Hindus - 12.1%,
Buddhists - 0.6%,
0-14 years#33.8% (male 23,069,242#female 21,995,457)
15-64 years: 62.8% (male 42,924,778; female 40,873,077)
65 years and over: 3.4% (male 2,444,314; female 2,069,816)
Population Growth Rate: 1.37%
Birth Rate / 1000 : 25.12 births/1,000 population
Death Rate / 1000 : 8.47 deaths/1,000 population
Sex Ratio (males per 100 females): 100.3
Fertility Rate: 2.30 children born/woman
Other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya.
Latitude between 20°34' and 26°38' North
Longitude between 88°01' and 92°41' East
Area: 147,570 sq. km. (land: 133,910 sq km, water: 10,090 sq km)
North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya)
West - India (West Bengal)
East - India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar
South-Bay of Bengal.
Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km)
Coastline: 580 km
Contiguous zone: 18 nm
Continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Terrain: Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
7 Divisions - Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda etc.
Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon
Winter 11° C - 20° C (October - February)
Summer 21° C - 38° C (March - September)
Rainfall : 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June - August)
Highest 99% (July)
Lowest 36% (December & January)
Recognitions: Bangladesh is one of the members of the Developing 8 and considered as the Next Eleven Economy of the world in 20 coined by Goldman Sachs.
GDP: $1,314 (per capita in 2015) (Ref)
GDP Growth Rate (%): 6.12 (2013-2014)
Poverty Level: 25% (People living with $2 per day)
Foreign Grant Dependency: 2%
Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.
Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.
Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, etc.
Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil etc.
Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.
Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳)
1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and
# 50,25,10,5,1 in coins.
Labour Force: 54 million
Male: 38 million
Female: 16 million
Distribution of Labor:
Agriculture: 48.4 percent
Industry: 24.3 percent
Others: 27.3 percent
Transportation Methods: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways (More information)
Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli, and Mongla.
Independence Day: 26th March
Victory Day: 16th December
Martyr's Day: 21st February (Also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)
Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla.
Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox's Bazar
More Information : Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation.
Information Technology (IT)
- Country Domain: .bd
- Internet Penetration: 4.46 crores (29% of population)
- Mobile Users: 12 crores, 37 lakhs (March 2015), Source:
- Mobile Penetration: 80% of the population
Global Ranks of Bangladesh
- 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
- 4th largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population and 3rd largest Muslim majority country
- 7th most densely populated country and the most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million populations (Ref)
- Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world
- Cox’s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world
- 2nd largest garments exporter in the world (Ref)
- Largest producer of Jute (2nd largely grown vegetable fiber in the world)
- Sundarbans (hosted by both Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world.
Source: National Web Portal of Bangladesh